Peaceful protest

Peaceful protest

The rights to freedom of assembly and freedom of speech of thought, conscience and religion are enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights and in UK law.

Public protest is also deeply rooted in our culture. It has changed the course of history many times.

Yet this right is being steadily eroded – including by intimidating policing, the blanket use of Section 14 of the Public Order Act and by the increasing use of injunctions. Anti-fracking protestors have been classified as ‘domestic extremists’, including in a recent training video for Surrey County Council, based on advice from Surrey Police.

Objectors to the expansion of onshore oil and gas are campaigners, not extremists.

Anti-oil-and-gas protests

Hundreds of people across England have protested against fracking and exploratory drilling for oil and gas in recent years.

The Weald saw its first major anti-oil protests at Balcombe in 2013. At peak, there were 2,000 protesters at Balcombe and 120 arrests.

Since then, people have protested at every attempt to drill in our area, including at Broadford Bridge, Horse Hill, Leith Hill and Brockham. They have used a wide range of creative and peaceful methods to disrupt and delay the activities of the drillers and to raise public awareness of the impacts of fossil fuel extraction.

The policing of these protests has often involved the deployment of large numbers of police officers and large numbers of arrests – and provoked high numbers of complaints.

“A chilling effect on protests”

Researchers at Liverpool John Moores University, studied the policing of protests against onshore oil and gas extraction in England, including in Surrey and Sussex. Their report, Protesters’ experiences of policing at anti-fracking protests in England, 2016-2019: a national study, found that while protests have been overwhelmingly peaceful, protesters have experienced violence and intimidation. Policing is having a chilling effect on protests, with some people deterred from participating.

A review by the Police into the policing of onshore oil and gas sites has been long promised and much delayed


Injunctions at oil and gas sites are also a deterrent to peaceful protest. The oil and gas companies can buy “persons unknown” injunctions in court without anyone present to defend against them. Angus Energy and UK Oil and Gas Plc (UKOG) have both secured injunctions in this way to prevent peaceful protest in the Weald.

The injunctions try to define what is peaceful protest and threaten draconian sanctions – like prison or seizing assets – for breaking them.  This undermines our human rights.

The Weald Action Group is supporting six women who are challenging a ‘persons unknown’  injunction secured  by UKOG for Horse Hill and Broadford Bridge. Read more about the UKOG injunction.

Members of the Weald Action Group have also successfully challenged in the High Court the wrongful listing of individuals in an Angus Energy injunction which brought them into disrepute.

Find out more